What Is Clonazepam?
Many people have over the recent past used the drug without really trying to find out what clonazepam is.
In order to answer the question of what is clonazepam, we discuss its formulation and market name, uses and finally the risks and side effects of using the drug. Clonazepam is a prescription drug belonging to a group of drugs known as benzodiazepines. It is made by the chlorination of nitrazepam and this is why it is also called chloro-nitro diazepine.
In the United States, clonazepam is marketed by Roche under the market name of Klonopin. It is also popularly referred to as K-Pin within the states. Clonazepam goes by the brand name of Rivotril in Australia and Canada, and by the market names of Ravotril and Clonex in other parts of the world.
Medically, clonazepam is used as the first-line treatment for acute seizures. This is because of the fast action of the drug as it begins to work in the body almost immediately it is consumed. It is also used to reverse the effects of amphetamine overdose. Clonazepam is preferred because, on top of its fast action, it has side effects that are considered rather mild and which rarely ever result in death. It is used in the treatment of anxiety, nightmares and schizophrenia, partly due to its sedative and depressant qualities.
In addition, it is used as an antioxylitic, anticonvulsant, amnesic and as a muscle relaxant. In spite of all these uses, clonazepam is not recommended for use in the long-term treatment or management of diseases. This is due to the fact that the drug is highly addictive and the people who use it have a high likelihood of developing dependency on the drug. Long-term use would inevitably lead to addiction. It is also not usually prescribed to patients who have a history of drug abuse and addiction because these people are very likely to also get addicted to the clonazepam.
In understanding what clonazepam is, it is equally of importance to find out about its side effects. The side effects of clonazepam use, as earlier mentioned are usually only benign. However if they are ignored or left untreated for long, they may result in serious medical complications. These side effects of using clonazepam include dizziness and a kind of perpetual drowsiness that can be more accurately described as inability to stay awake. When clonazepam is consumed for a long period, it can damage the brain permanently.
Such brain damage then becomes manifested in changes in the addicts’ behavior for the worse. They may begin to experience impairment of their motor functions and impaired balance or co-ordination. They may also become mentally confused. All these are because the brain no longer functions as it should.
Since clonazepam is addictive, understanding what is clonazepam is not complete without looking at some at the signs and effects of addiction. The signs of addiction to clonazepam are in most cases evident in the addicts’ behavior or in physical symptoms that they develop. These changes in behavior include visiting several doctors for more prescriptions of the drug, trying to forge prescriptions, stealing money to buy the drug and always trying to consume more of the drug than the dosage specified.